HPBOSE 12th Board Syllabus 2024: Key Subjects, Curriculum Updates

Get ready for success in HPBOSE 12th Board exams! Discover essential strategies, study resources, and expert guidance for a stellar performance in Himachal Pradesh 12th Class exams.

The HPBOSE (Himachal Pradesh Board of School Education) 12th Board Syllabus for 2024 is designed to offer a comprehensive instructional framework for college kids of their Senior Secondary years. Covering Science, Commerce, and Arts streams, the syllabus caters to numerous academic interests and profession aspirations.

In the Science flow, students can count on an extensive curriculum encompassing Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Mathematics. The Commerce move consists of topics like Accountancy, Business Studies, Economics, and more, getting ready college students for the dynamic international of commerce. The Arts move offers subjects which includes History, Political Science, Sociology, and Literature, fostering creativity and essential wondering.

HPBOSE 12th Board Syllabus Highlights 2024

Subject Key Highlights
Physics Focus on core concepts and practical applications in electromagnetism, optics and waves, modern physics, and electronics and communication. Introduction of new experiments or applications is possible. Different difficulty levels available.
Chemistry Continued emphasis on physical, inorganic, and organic chemistry with an emphasis on problem-solving. Potential introduction of new topics related to environmental chemistry, green technology, or emerging fields like nanochemistry. Different difficulty levels available.
Mathematics Continued emphasis on algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and calculus. Introduction of new concepts and applications, potentially varying based on chosen stream (Science, Commerce, Arts, etc.). Different difficulty levels available.
Biology Detailed study of plant and animal kingdoms, cell biology, genetics and evolution, and ecology and environment. Increased focus on practical applications in biotechnology, environmental awareness, or current biological advancements is possible. Different difficulty levels available.
English Continued emphasis on grammar, vocabulary, writing skills, and comprehension. Introduction of new poems, essays, and plays, potentially reflecting diverse voices and genres. Different difficulty levels available.
Hindi Focus on grammar, comprehension, writing skills. Introduction of new poems, stories, and essays across various themes and genres. Different difficulty levels available.
Optional Subjects Wide range of options available, including languages, commerce, computer science, fine arts, etc. Specific highlights may vary depending on the chosen subject.

HPBOSE 12th Board Syllabus Eligibility Criteria 2024


  • Reduced Syllabus: Similar to other boards, a reduced syllabus compared to pre-pandemic years is likely.
  • Subject Variations: Specific topics covered might vary depending on chosen subject combination and stream (Science, Commerce, Arts, etc.).
  • Updated Content: Introduction of new topics and practical applications within relevant subjects is possible.

Eligibility Criteria:

  • Passed Previous Level: Successfully completed Class 11 from a recognized school affiliated to the Himachal Pradesh Board of School Education (HPBOSE).
  • Minimum Attendance: Must have attended a minimum of 75% of the classes conducted in Class 11.
  • Enrolled: Must be enrolled in a HPBOSE-affiliated school at the time of appearing for the exam.
  • Age Limit: No minimum age requirement exists.
  • Nationality: Indian nationality is generally preferred, but exceptions might exist for certain categories.

Additional Points:

  • Term-wise Exams: HPBOSE might switch to conducting 12th board exams in one term (March 2024) instead of two terms as done in 2023. Confirmation awaited.
  • Official Information: Keep checking the official HPBOSE website (hpbose.org) for the latest updates and detailed syllabus/criteria once it's released.

Subject-wise HPBOSE 12th Board Syllabus 2024


  • Grammar: Parts of speech, sentence structure, punctuation, usage.
  • Vocabulary: Word roots and affixes, synonyms, antonyms, homonyms, figurative language.
  • Reading comprehension: Main idea, supporting details, inference, literary analysis.
  • Writing: Types of writing, organization, style, mechanics.


  • Algebra: Linear equations and inequalities, functions and graphs, systems of equations, matrices and determinants, probability and statistics.
  • Geometry: Analytic geometry, coordinate geometry, solid geometry, trigonometry.
  • Calculus: Limits, derivatives, integrals, applications of calculus.


  • Mechanics: Kinematics, dynamics, work, energy and power, rotational motion, oscillations.
  • Heat and thermodynamics: Heat and temperature, thermodynamics, kinetic theory of gases, thermochemistry.
  • Electricity and magnetism: Electrostatics, current electricity, magnetism, electromagnetic waves.
  • Optics: Geometric optics, physical optics, wave optics.


  • Basic concepts: Matter and its properties, chemical bonding, atomic structure, the periodic table.
  • States of matter: Solids, liquids, gases.
  • Reactions: Chemical reactions, stoichiometry, equilibrium.
  • Organic chemistry: Hydrocarbons, functional groups, organic compounds.
  • Biochemistry: Carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids.


  • Cell biology: Cell structure and function, cell division.
  • Genetics: DNA and RNA, gene expression, evolution.
  • Developmental biology: Embryology, growth and differentiation.
  • Physiology: Homeostasis, organ systems.
  • Ecology: Ecosystems, populations, biomes.


  • Ancient history: Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, Rome.
  • Medieval history: Europe, Asia, Africa.
  • Early modern history: Europe, Asia, Africa.
  • Modern history: Europe, Asia, Africa.

Political science:

  • Political theory: Power, authority, legitimacy.
  • Government: The state, the branches of government, public policy.
  • International relations: The international system, foreign policy, international law.


  • Microeconomics: Supply and demand, market structures, welfare economics.
  • Macroeconomics: National income, unemployment, inflation.
  • International economics: Trade, finance, development.

Optional subjects:

  • Computer science: Programming, data structures, algorithms, computer architecture.
  • Commerce: Business law, accounting, finance, marketing.
  • Fine arts: Drawing, painting, sculpture, music.
  • Physical education: Sports, exercise, nutrition.

How To Download HPBOSE 12th Board Syllabus 2024?

  1. Visit the Official Website: Go to the authentic internet site of the Himachal Pradesh Board of School Education (HPBOSE). Ensure that you are getting access to the perfect and reliable website for accurate data.

  2. Navigate to the Academic Section: Look for a segment at the internet site associated with lecturers, examinations, or syllabus. This segment can be prominently displayed at the homepage or handy via a drop-down menu.

  3. Select Class 12 or Senior Secondary: Choose the elegance or stage for that you want to down load the syllabus. In this case, choose Class 12 or Senior Secondary.

  4. Locate the Syllabus Section: Within the Class 12 or Senior Secondary phase, find the hyperlink or tab that ends in the syllabus. It can be categorized as "Syllabus," "Curriculum," or something comparable.

  5. Choose the Academic Year 2024: Look for options related to the instructional year 2024. There can be a specific hyperlink or document associated with the syllabus for the yr 2024.

  6. Download the Syllabus PDF: Click on the hyperlink or document related to the HPBOSE 12th Board Syllabus 2024. The syllabus is usually furnished in PDF format. Download the PDF report to your tool.

  7. Save the PDF: After downloading, keep the PDF in your laptop, telephone, or different gadgets for future reference and smooth access.

  8. Check for Updates: Keep in mind that syllabus facts can be situation to updates or adjustments. Regularly test the reputable internet site for any announcements or updates concerning the syllabus.

HPBOSE 12th Board Preparation Tips 2024

  1. Understand the Syllabus: Thoroughly familiarize yourself with the HPBOSE 12th Board Syllabus for 2024. Know the subjects, topics, and weightage assigned to each section.

  2. Create a Realistic Study Schedule: Develop a comprehensive study schedule that covers all subjects. Allocate time based on the difficulty level of each subject, and include breaks for optimal focus.

  3. Prioritize Weaker Subjects: Identify your weaker subjects and allocate more study time to them. Strengthening your understanding in challenging areas can significantly improve your overall performance.

  4. Regular Revision: Implement a regular revision schedule. Periodically revisit what you've learned to reinforce your understanding and improve retention.

  5. Practice Regularly: Solve sample papers, previous years' question papers, and take mock tests. Regular practice improves your time management skills and boosts confidence.

  6. Seek Guidance: If you have doubts or find certain topics challenging, don't hesitate to seek guidance from teachers, classmates, or online resources.

  7. Use Reference Materials: Besides textbooks, refer to recommended reference books for in-depth understanding and additional practice.

  8. Create Comprehensive Notes: Make concise and organized notes for each subject. These notes will be valuable during last-minute revisions.

  9. Time Management: Practice time management during your study sessions and exams. Set specific time limits for each topic to improve efficiency.

  10. Healthy Lifestyle: Maintain a healthy lifestyle with sufficient sleep, a balanced diet, and regular exercise. A healthy body supports a healthy mind.

  11. Stay Updated: Keep yourself informed about any changes in the exam pattern or syllabus. Check the official website and news sources for updates.

  12. Stay Positive: Maintain a positive mindset. Believe in your capabilities, stay focused, and manage stress effectively. A positive attitude contributes to better performance.

  13. Group Study: Collaborate with classmates for group study sessions. Explaining concepts to others and engaging in discussions can deepen your understanding.

  14. Use Technology Wisely: Leverage educational apps, online resources, and digital study materials for interactive learning and additional practice.

  15. Practice Previous Years' Papers: Familiarize yourself with the exam pattern by solving previous years' question papers. This can help you understand the types of questions asked.


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